Social issues in the perception of the Russian population (Public Opinion Polls by the Levada Center)
Perception of most urgent problems of the country, own material situation and social inequality / inclination to protest against worsening living standards
Version 1.2, published: July 26, 2022Open Access
The Levada Center has been conducting surveys of the Russian population on a regular basis (random-sample questionnaire-based nationally representative polls conducted as omnibus surveys). This data collection includes five questions (plus standard demographic data) from all surveys conducted from January 1995 to February 2021. The questions concern the perception of most urgent problems of the country, the own material situation and social inequality in the country as well as the inclination to protest against worsening living standards.
Note on version 1.1: The only change to the preceding version is that an English translation of the questions and answer options has been added in two xlsx files and a reference to these two files has been added in the "Documentation of Data Collection".
Note on version 1.2: The only change to the preceding version is that now the full dataset is (in addition to the original SPPSS file - .sav-format) also available in the (Excel-compatible) .csv-format. The csv-format requires the parallel use of the data file and the "values+labels" file.
Protest Social Policy Social Inequality Living Standard